THE HISTORY OF CARNIVAL
Carnival as we know it is unquestionably a product of the Middle Ages.
The term has the concept of deprivation of the flesh; designate the day
or days preceding the main period of penance of Christianity: Lent.
Its origins, however, have their roots in ancient pagan customs such as
the Saturnalia, and the Lupercalia. Depending on the sites begins at
New Year, Epiphany, or Candlemas (February 2) and culminates in the day
called “fat” from Thursday to Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.
From the fifteenth century, the carnival will undergo a series of attacks.
After the Christianization attempts by moralists like Savonarola, both the
Counter-Reformation, and the churches will seek to suppress this feast far too pagan.
Over the centuries, the Carnival, has stimulated the creation of celebrations
in the form of ritual combat, in which struggles between various parts of the
same cities (districts, wards, as still happens for example in the Battle of the
Oranges in Ivrea) , or between citizens of different social classes were highlighted .
So during the Carnival rails between districts in the city took foot where groups
from the entire population is faced with blows of stones, sticks, (now replaced
by plastic batons). Among the nobles friendly games were organized where the
source is important to show their prowess in the use of weapons.