Carnival as we know it is unquestionably a product of the Middle Ages.

The term has the concept of deprivation of the flesh; designate the day

or days preceding the main period of penance of Christianity: Lent.

Its origins, however, have their roots in ancient pagan customs such as

the Saturnalia, and the Lupercalia.   Depending on the sites begins at

New Year, Epiphany, or Candlemas (February 2) and culminates in the day

called “fat” from Thursday to Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.

From the fifteenth century, the carnival will undergo a series of attacks.

After the Christianization attempts by moralists like Savonarola, both the

Counter-Reformation, and the churches will seek to suppress this feast far too pagan.

Over the centuries, the Carnival, has stimulated the creation of celebrations

in the form of ritual combat, in which struggles between various parts of the

same cities (districts, wards, as still happens for example in the Battle of the

Oranges in Ivrea) , or between citizens of different social classes were highlighted .

So during the Carnival rails between districts in the city took foot where groups

from the entire population is faced with blows of stones, sticks, (now replaced

by plastic batons).   Among the nobles friendly games were organized where the

source is important to show their prowess in the use of weapons.




“So this is Christmas

And what have you done

Another year over

And a new one just begun

…happy New Year

Let’s hope it’s a good one

Without any fear”

With the words of John Lennon I WISH YOU A HAPPY NEW YEAR. With love for all my pupils and their families.