FESTIVITIES

CARNIVAL

I KNOW YOU, MASK!

The expression “You know, mask”, which today means that despite appearances, we did not deceive, has ancient origins dating back to the Middle Ages, when thanks to the disguise, during Carnival, the people had the opportunity to reverse the roles, even if only for a few days and play, the rigid society of the time.   Once, in fact, the costume had a purpose that is now lost: hiding behind a mask and hiding their identity in this way, each had the opportunity to act as it wished, and, above all, as would never have the courage to do with her face uncovered.

CHRISTMAS TRADITIONS ALL OVER THE WORLD

Nisse

by Jason Clarke

In Scandinavian folklore, a “household spirit” responsible for the care and prosperity of a farm. A nisse was usually described as a short man (under four feet tall) wearing a red cap with a tassel.

                        While belief in guardian spirits is a very old tradition in Scandinavia, belief in nisser was prominent in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Denmark, southern Norway and southern Sweden. Many farms claimed to have their own nisse. The nisse took an active interest in the farm by performing chores such as grooming horses, carrying bales of hay, and other farm-related tasks. These chores were usually done much more efficiently and effectively than by their human counterparts.

However, nisser were very temperamental, to say the least. If the household was not careful to keep its nisse satisfied (usually in the form of a single bowl of porridge with butter in it left out on Christmas eve) the spirit could turn against its masters. In one story, a girl is instructed by her family to give the nisse his porridge, but decides to eat it herself. The nisse responds by forcing her to dance until she nearly dies. Sometimes the offering themselves could backfire: in another tale, a grateful farmer gives his nisse a pair of nice white boots, and afterward the nisse refuses to go out into the rain to stable the horses for fear of getting his new boots dirty.

Plural: nisser (although occasionally also mentioned as nissar).

CALENDAR  CANDLE

During the month of December, In Denmark, the calendar candle can’t miss.

In the 1930s many people bought a candle and prepared it as a calendar. Still nowadaysyou can prepare  the advent candle at home.

Take a candle about 30 cm., Divide it into 24 parts by placing a line of ink. Each candle will strip her number, starting from the bottom with the number 24 and ending with the number 1 at the top. Every day – during the meal for which all the family is reunited – lights the candle burning up my little piece of that day. The day the candle ends, is ‘CHRISTMAS!

A WREATH FOR ADVENT

In Denmark we make count-downs in different ways. The tradition of the Wreath for Advent came from Germany about 1900. This tradition in the beginning was used only nearby the frontier of Germany, but from about 1939-40 the florists began to spread the idea all over Denmark.
The traditional wreath was made of fir in which four white candles were stuck.Red ribbons were twisted around the wreath which were also used to hang down from the ceiling.

On the first Sunday of Advent one candle is lightened, the second Sunday the second candle… and so on until the forth Sunday.

If the wreath is lightened during the week you’ll lighten only the candles already “started”. If they burn down, you just put a new one in the wreath.

In the Lutherian churches this wreath and the fir are normally the only ornament.

Today you can find new ways of making wreaths in ceramics, in wrought iron, and so on.

If you’d like to make one why don’t you try to make one with salt dough?

CHRISTMAS GREETINGS

Merry Christmas to you all!

Enjoy your holidays!

 

Have a good year
and
best wishes from….

Have a Nice Christmas
and
a Happy New Year!

 

Have a great Christmas!

I hope you have a nice Christmas!

 

Wishing you
Happiness
and everything
you dream of in the coming year!

May your Christmas be merry …
and you new year happy and bright!

 

Warmest wishes for
Christamas
and
every happiness in the New Year!

With my
best wishes for
Christmas
and
A Happy New year!

 

Remembering
you at Christmas
and
wishining you
special joy.

Best wishes
for a
Merry Christmas
and a
Happy New Year!

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