MERRY CHRISTMAS

HOW TO SAY MERRY CHRISTMAS ALL OVER THE WORLD

Come si dice Buon Natale in tutte le lingue del mondo

  • Buon      Natale in Afgano – De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de      mubarak sha
  • Buon      Natale in Afrikaans – Gesëebende Kersfees
  • Buon Natale      in Afrikander – Een Plesierige Kerfees
  • Buon Natale in Albanese – Gezur      Krislindjden
  • Buon Natale in Alsaziano      (dialetto franco-tedesco) – Scheen Wihnachte un
  • Buon Natale in Amarico – Melkam      Yelidet Beaal
  • Buon Natale in Andorra      (dialetto di) – Bon Nadal
  • Buon Natale in Antille Olandesi      – Bon Pasco, Bon Anja
  • Buon      Natale in Arabo (standard) – Mboni Chrismen; I’d Miilad Said ous Sana      Saida
  • Buon Natale in Arabo (Iracheno)      – Idah Saidan Wa Sanah Jadidah
  • Buon Natale in Arabo (Libanese)      – Milad Majeed
  • Buon Natale in Arabo      (Palestinese e della penisola arabica) – I’d milad said oua Sana saida
  • Buon Natale in Argentina      (Spagnolo dell’) – Felices Pasquas Y felices año Nuevo
  • Buon Natale in Aramaico- Edo      bri’cho o rish d’shato brich’to
  • Buon Natale in Armeno – Shenoraavor      Nor Dari yev Pari Gaghand
  • Buon Natale in Aromuniano      (dacio-macedone) – Crãciunu hãriosu shi unu anu nãu, bunu
  • Buon Natale in Azero – Tezze      Iliniz Yahsi Olsun
  • Buon Natale in Bahasa (malesia)      – Selamat Hari Natal
  • Buon Natale in Bassa Sassonia      (dialetto della) – Heughliche Winachten un ‘n moi Nijaar
  • Buon Natale in Basco – Zorionak      eta Urte Berri On
  • Buon Natale in Bengalese –      Shuvo Nabo Barsho; Shuvo Baro Din
  • Buon Natale in Bhutan – krist      Yesu Ko Shuva Janma Utsav Ko Upalaxhma Hardik Shuva
  • Buon Natale in Boemo – Vesele      Vanoce
  • Buon Natale in Bosniaco –      Sretam Bozic, Hristos se rodi
  • Buon Natale in Brasile      (Portoghese del) – Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo
  • Buon Natale in Bretone –      Nedeleg laouen na bloavezh mat
  • Buon Natale in Brunei – Selamat      Hari Natal
  • Buon Natale in Bielorusso –      Winshuyu sa Svyatkami
  • Buon Natale in Bulgaro –      Tchestita Koleda; Tchestito Rojdestvo Hristovo
  • Buon Natale in Burundi – Noeli      Nziza
  • Buon Natale in Catalano – Bon      Nadal i un Bon Any Nou
  • Buon Natale in Cazaco – Hristos      Razdajetsja; Rozdjestvom Hristovim
  • Buon Natale in Choctaw – Yukpa,      Nitak Hollo Chito
  • Buon Natale in Cinese Mandarino      – Kung His Hsin Nien bing Chu Shen Tan
  • Buon Natale in Cinese Cantonese      – Gun Tso Sun Tan’Gung Haw Sun
  • Buon Natale in Cipro (dialetto      greco di) – Eftihismena Christougenna, Noeliniz kutlu olsun ve yeni yili
  • Buon Natale in Cocos(lingua      delle isole)- Selamat Hari Natal
  • Buon Natale in Colombia      (Spagnolo della) – Feliz Navidad y próspero Año Nuevo
  • Buon Natale in Cook (lingua      delle isole) – Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritime
  • Buon Natale in Coreano – Sung      Tan Chuk Ha
  • Buon Natale in Cornovaglia      (Gaelico della) – Nadelik looan na looan blethen noweth
  • Buon Natale in Corso – Bon      Natale e Bon capu d’annu
  • Buon Natale in Crazanian – Rot      Yikji Dol La Roo
  • Buon Natale in Cree – Mitho      Makosi Kesikansi
  • Buon Natale in Creek – Afvcke      Nettvcakorakko
  • Buon Natale in Croato – Sretan      Bozic
  • Buon Natale in Curdo – Seva      piroz sahibe u sersala te piroz be
  • Buon Natale in Danese –      Glædelig Jul og godt nytår
  • Buon Natale in Duri –      Christmas-e-Shoma Mobarak
  • Buon Natale in Ebraico – Hag ha      Molad sameah, Silvester tov
  • Buon Natale in Egiziano      (copto)- Colo sana wintom tiebeen
  • Buon Natale in Eritreo/Tigrino      -Rehus Beal Ledeats
  • Buon Natale in Eschimese      (inuit) – Jutdlime pivdluarit ukiortame pivdluaritlo
  • Buon Natale in Esperanto –      Gajan Kristnaskon
  • Buon Natale in Estone –      Rôômsaid Jôule
  • Buon Natale in Etipopico –      Melkam Yelidet Beaal
  • Buon Natale in Fareöer (lingua      delle isole) – Gledhilig jol og eydnurikt nyggjar
  • Buon Natale in Farsi –      Cristmas-e-shoma mobarak bashad
  • Buon      Natale in Fiammingo – Zalig Kerstfeest en Gelukkig nieuw jaar
  • Buon Natale in Filippino –      Maligayan Pasko
  • Buon Natale in Finlandese –      Hyvaa joulua
  • Buon Natale in Francese –      Joyeux Noel
  • Buon Natale in Franco      Provenzale – Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn
  • Buon      Natale in Frisone- Noflike Krystdagen en in protte Lok en Seine yn it Nije      Jier
  • Buon Natale in Friulano – Bon      Nadâl e Bon An Gnûf
  • Buon Natale in Gaelico –      Nollaig chridheil agus Bliadhna mhath ur
  • Buon Natale in Galiziano – Bo      Nadal e Bo ani novo
  • Buon Natale in Gallese –      Nadolig Llawen
  • Buon Natale in Georgiano –      Gilotsavt Krist’es Shobas
  • Buon Natale in Ghanese –      Afishapa
  • Buon Natale in Ghirghiso –      Hristos Razdajetsja
  • Buon Natale in Giapponese –      Shinnen omedeto, Kurisumasu Omedeto
  • Buon Natale in Gibuti – Mboni      Chrismen
  • Buon Natale in Greco – Kala      Christouyenna Kieftihismenos
  • Buon Natale in Groenlandese –      Juullimi Ukiortaassamilu Pilluarit
  • Buon Natale in Haiti (dialetto      di) – Jwaye Nwel
  • Buon Natale in Haussa – Barka      da Kirsimatikuma Barka da Sabuwar Shekara
  • Buon Natale in Hawaiano – Mele      Kalikimaka
  • Buon Natale in Iberico – Mithag      Crithagsigathmithags
  • Buon Natale in Indi – Shub Naya      Baras
  • Buon Natale in Indonesiano –      Selamat Hari Natal
  • Buon Natale in Inglese – Merry      Christmas
  • Buon Natale in Irlandese –      Nollaig Shona Dhuit; Nodlaig mhaith chugnat
  • Buon Natale in Irochese –      Ojenyunyat Sungwiyadeson honungradon nagwutut, Ojenyunyat osrasay
  • Buon Natale in Irlandese –      Nollaig Shona dhuit
  • Buon Natale in Islandese –      Gleðileg Jól
  • Buon Natale in Italiano – Buon      Natale
  • Buon      Natale in Jèrriais (Isola di Jersey) – Bouan Noué et Bouanne Année
  • Buon Natale in Karelia (lingua      della) – Rastawanke Sinun, Uvven Vuvenke Sinun
  • Buon Natale in Krio (Sierra      Leone) – Appi Krismes en Appi Niu Yaa
  • Buon Natale in Ladino – Bon      Nadel y Bon Ann Nuef
  • Buon Natale in Latino – Natale      hilare et Annum Faustum
  • Buon Natale in Lettone –      Prieci’gus Ziemsve’tkus un Laimi’gu Jauno Gadu!
  • Buon Natale in Lituano –      Linksmu Kaledu
  • Buon Natale in Livonia      (dialetto della) – Riiemlizi Talspividi ja pagin vonno udaigastos
  • Buon Natale in Lusaziano –      Wjesole hody a strowe nowe leto
  • Buon      Natale in Lussemburghese – Schéi Krëschtdeeg an e Schéint Néi Joer
  • Buon      Natale in Macedone – Sreken Bozhik; Srekni Kolede
  • Buon      Natale in Malayan – Puthuvalsara Aashamsakal
  • Buon Natale in Malawi – Moni Wa      Chikondwelero Cha X’mas
  • Buon Natale in Malgascio –      Arahaba tratry ny Krismasy
  • Buon Natale in Maltese – LL      Milied Lt-tajjeb
  • Buon Natale in Manx (Gaelico      dell’isola di Man) – Nollick ghennal as blein vie noa
  • Buon Natale in Maori – Meri      Kirihimete
  • Buon Natale in Marathi – Shub      Naya Varsh
  • Buon Natale in Marshall (ingua      delle isole) – Monono ilo raaneoan Nejin
  • Buon Natale in Moldavo – Craciun      fericit si un An Nou fericit!
  • Buon Natale in Mongolo – Zul      saryn bolon shine ony mend devshuulye
  • Buon Natale in Moravo – Prejeme      Vam Vesele Vanoce a stastny Novy Rok
  • Buon Natale in Namibia      (dialetto della) – Geseende Kersfees
  • Buon Natale in Navajo – Merry      Keshmish
  • Buon Natale in Newari      (Nepalese) – krist Yesu Ko Shuva Janma Utsav Ko Upalaxhma Hardik Shuva
  • Buon Natale in Norvegese – God      Jul; Gledelik Jul
  • Buon Natale in Occitano – Pulit      nadal e bona annado
  • Buon      Natale in Olandese – Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!
  • Buon Natale in Oriya –      Sukhamaya christmass ebang khusibhara naba barsa
  • Buon Natale in Papiamento – Bon      Pasco
  • Buon Natale in Papua Nuova      Guinea – Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas na Nupela yia i go long yu
  • Buon Natale in Pashtu –      Christmas Aao Ne-way Kaal Mo Mobarak Sha
  • Buon Natale in Pasto – De      Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha
  • Buon Natale in Pennsylvania      (Tedesco della) – En frehlicher Grischtdaag un en hallich Nei Yaahr!
  • Buon Natale in Persiano –      Christmas Mobarrak
  • Buon Natale in Peru (Spagnolo      del) – Feliz Navidad y un Venturoso Año Nuevo
  • Buon Natale in Polacco –      Wesolych Swiat Bozego Narodzenia
  • Buon Natale in Polinesia      francese (dialetto della) – Joyeux Noel, La ora i te Noera
  • Buon Natale in Portoghese –      Boas Festas e Feliz Natal
  • Buon Natale in Punjabi – Nave      sal di mubaraka
  • Buon Natale in Rapa Nui –      Mata-Ki-Te-Rangi. Te-Pito-O-Te-Henua
  • Buon Natale in Retico – Bellas      festas da nadal e bun onn
  • Buon Natale in Rom (degli      zingari) – Bachtalo krecunu Thaj Bachtalo Nevo Bers
  • Buon Natale in Romancio (della      svizzera) – Bella Festas da zNadal ed in Ventiravel Onn Nov
  • Buon Natale in Romanzo –      Legreivlas fiastas da Nadal e bien niev onn
  • Buon Natale in Rumeno –      Sarbatori vesele
  • Buon Natale in Russo –      Pozdrevlyayu s prazdnikom Rozhdestva is Novim Godom
  • Buon Natale in Serbo – Hristos      se rodi
  • Buon Natale in Sami – Buorrit      Juovllat
  • Buon Natale in Samoano – La      Maunia Le Kilisimasi Ma Le Tausaga Fou
  • Buon Natale in Sardo – Bonu      nadale e prosperu annu nou; Felize Nadale e Bonu Cabuannu
  • Buon Natale in Scozzese      (Gaelico) – Nollaig chridheil huibh
  • Buon Natale in Singalese –      Subha nath thalak Vewa, Subha Aluth Awrudhak Vewa
  • Buon Natale in Slovacco –      Vesele Vianoce, A stastlivy Novy Rok
  • Buon Natale in Sloveno – Vesele      Bozicne, Screcno Novo Leto
  • Buon Natale in Somalo – ciid      wanaagsan iyo sanad cusub oo fiican.
  • Buon Natale in Sorabo – Wjesole      hody a strowe Nowe leto
  • Buon Natale in Spagnolo – Feliz      Navidad
  • Buon      Natale in Svedese – God Jul and (Och) Ett Gott Nytt År
  • Buon Natale in Svalbard      (dialetto delle isole) – Hristos Razdajetsja, Gledelig Jul
  • Buon Natale in Sudanese – Natal      Sareng Warsa Enggal
  • Buon Natale in Sumatra (malese      dell’isola di) – Selamat Tahun Baru
  • Buon Natale in Swahili –      ºKrismas Njema Na Heri Za Mwaka Mpyaº
  • Buon Natale in Tagalog –      Maligayamg Pasko; Masaganang Bagong Taon
  • Buon Natale in Tailandese –      Suksan Wan Christmas lae Sawadee Pee Mai
  • Buon Natale in Tamil – Nathar      Puthu Varuda Valthukkal
  • Buon Natale in Tedesco –      Froehliche Weihnachten
  • Buon Natale in Tok Pisin (ceolo      della Nuova Guinea)- Meri Krismas Hepi Nu Yia
  • Buon Natale in Tonga (lingua      delle isole)- Kilisimasi Fiefia & Ta’u fo’ou monu ia
  • Buon Natale in Trukeese      (Micronesiano) – Neekiriisimas annim oo iyer seefe feyiyeech
  • Buon Natale in Turco – Noeliniz      Ve Yeni Yiliniz Kutlu Olsun
  • Buon Natale in Ucraino –      Srozhdestvom Kristovym
  • Buon Natale in Ugandese –      Webale Krismasi
  • Buon Natale in Ungherese –      Kellemes Karacsonyi unnepeket
  • Buon Natale in Urdu – Naya Saal      Mubarak Ho
  • Buon Natale in Vepsi (degli      zingari) – Rastvoidenke i Udenke Vodenke
  • Buon Natale in Vietnamita –      Chung Mung Giang Sinh
  • Buon Natale in Xhosa –      Siniqwenelela Ikrisimesi EmnandI Nonyaka Omtsha Ozele Iintsikelelo      Namathamsanqa
  • Buon Natale in Yayeya – Krisema
  • Buon Natale in Yiddish – Gute      Vaynakhtn un a Gut Nay Yor
  • Buon Natale in Yoruba – E ku      odun, e ku iye ‘dun
  • Buon Natale in Zulu –      Sinifesela Ukhisimusi Omuhle Nonyaka Omusha Onempumelelo

 

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Christmas!

CHRISTMAS IS COMING!

Christmas is coming

the goose is fat

please put a penny

in the old man’s hat

If you haven’t got a penny

Ahalfpenny will do

and if you haven’t got a halfpenny

God Bless you!

 Christmas is coming at least and it is exciting to think to those days full of armony and love spent with our dears.

I know… school is closed and for you, my dear pupils, that’s the most important thing. But you are so young and it is normal it si so.

What are you going to do at Christmas?

Let me know about it.

Will you prepare the Christmas tree?   

Look what I did for decorating my house and Christmas tree!

                    

                              

Thanksgiving Day

Who knows when and why did the festivity of Thanksgiving day start?

When America was just very young, after 1 century and half after the discovery by Christopher Columbus, a group of people coming from England and Ireland landed on the Atlantic coast of the New World. They were the Pilgrim Fathers. They were Dissenters, Irish, escaping from the famine and prisoners sent to the New World to populate it.

It was in 1621 when they arrived and founded the first 13 colonies. The Pilgrim Fathers were helped by the Indians to survive the first winter. They gave them seeds to plant, helped them to build houses and a starnge animal that the European had never seen before: the Turkey.

In order to thank the Indians for their help, the Pilgrim Fathers had a big lunch with them the next Summer and that was the first Thanksgiving Day.

Nowadays in America Thanksgiving Day is celebrated the fourth Thursday of November and families gather togheter to have a dinner at home.

What do they eat?

A stuffed Turkey, of course!

      

And now … a poem.

THANKSGIVING DAY

Tell me, Mr.   Turkey,
  Don’t you feel afraid
  When you hear us talking
  ‘Bout the plans we’ve made?

Can’t you   hear us telling
  How we’re going to eat
  Cranberries and stuffing
  With our turkey meat?

Turkey, heed   my warning:
  Better fly away;
  Or you will be sorry
  On Thanksgiving day.

BONFIRE NIGHT

Last night in England people celebrated the night when the king James Ist’s soldiers arrested Guy Fawkes. He was a Catholic who wanted to blow up the Parliament in order to kill the king. The complot was discovered and guy arrested and excecuted.

Every 5th November people celebrate this event light up a bonfire with a puppet like Guy in the middle and children go on the street and ask a penny for a Guy. with the money the buy sweets, potatoes and bread to cook in the fire.

               

HALLOWEEN

Halloween Around the World

While there are obviously parts of the globe that do not recognize or celebrate it, Halloween around the world is a traditional holiday that is considered one of the oldest in history. It is still the most popular in North America, Canada and possibly Ireland. There are plenty of other countries and regions that honor the holiday, though some of the traditions of Halloween may vary from place to place.

America – The jack-o’ -lantern was introduced by Irish settlers who brought the tradition with them. Their own folklore told the tale of a man named Jack who tricked the Devil on more than one occasion, but made the Devil agree to never claim his soul. Upon the man’s death, when the Devil could not let him enter, and Heaven wouldn’t take him, the Devil sent Jack away. Given only a coal from Hell to light the way, Jack found and carved a turnip to use as a lantern to carry this in.

The jack-o’-lantern was thus born and Irish traditionalists used the lantern in their homes to ward off spirits at Halloween. Once arriving in American and seeing large pumpkins that would work better for carving, the jack-o’-lantern was no longer a turnip.

As for the tradition of trick-or-treating, that appears to have begun in the 1950’s, though possible earlier. Costumed children began dressing in costume and demanding of residents that they hand over sweets, or sometimes money, or face the wrath of some trickery.

Canada – It is believed that Halloween traditions were started as far back as the 1800’s when the Irish immigrants first started landing there. Their Halloween customs do not deviate from the same ways Americans celebrate Halloween. They also use carved pumpkins and children partake in trick-or-treating.

China – Their Halloween celebrations are a bit more spirit friendly, as they actually encourage the spirits of their dead loved ones to return on this night. Lanterns are ignited to help the deceased find their way, and food offerings are left by their pictures. It is considered an honor to have the chance to have these souls return.

England – A different form of trick-or-treat was played out here, and may possibly the start of what became trick-or-treat for others who celebrate Halloween around the world. Children would wander the streets singing songs and door knocking to request money from residents. More recently, the British children began to bring back the tradition of door knocking on Halloween, but expecting changing it up to resemble the American style of trick-or-treating.

Ireland – This is also a place where Halloween is still celebrated possibly as much as it is in American and Canada. It is also considered the possible birthplace of the holiday. Children have their trick-or-treat festivities but the celebration continues and adults participate by having bonfires and parties.

Mexico – Like China, the dead are honored and this celebration of the dead is actually a joyous, festive occasion. Halloween (Day of the Dead) is actually just the day the celebration begins and continues for 3 days, ending on November 2, which is All Souls Day. Shrines and alters go up in homes for families hoping their deceased loved ones will return for a visit. Candy and other offerings are left as gifts to welcome spirits, and incense and candles are burned on the final day to help spirits find their way back.

Korea – To honor the dead on Halloween, Koreans visit the graves of their loved ones bearing gifts.

Austria – Another place where the dead are welcomed guests. A table light is left burning, and bread is left as an offering for any spirits of loved ones whom may stop by.

Czechoslovakia – Here, also, dead loved ones are invited to stop by. Chairs for all household members living and dead are placed out so the family can reunite.

Germany – They do not welcome spirits, but they do hide sharp utensils such as knives, so they will not be hurt by ghosts.

There are other places and methods for celebrating Halloween around the world, but these are just a few examples of the differences and similarities of many areas. There is also of course France that refuses to acknowledge Halloween, claiming it is an American holiday. Globalization has caused some time honored traditions to shift and more closely resemble the American festivities of Halloween, especially concerning the creation and placement of jack-o’-lanterns and events like trick-or-treat. Who could blame kids for wanting their families to adopt this sort of tradition, though?

ARE THE PEOPLE IN BRITAIN ETHNICALLY DIFFERENT?

We celebrate the diversity in our country, get strength from

the cultures and the races that go to make up Britain today.”

Prime Minister Tony
Blair, 2 October 2001

People from all Cultures and ethnicities can be found

in every corner of  Britain and each person in his

or her own way has contributed to make Britain the place

it is today. If you walk down a street in Britain, especially

in the bigger cities you will usually see people with different

hair, skin and eye colours. They may have white, brown or

black skin and blonde, brown, black, or red hair, with blue,

black, brown or green eyes. Many of the people you will see

will be British people but they all look different because the

people of Britain are a mixed race.

Not all British people are Christian and/orWhite
How Britain became a mixed race society?

Britain is and has always been a mixed race society.

Early in their history they were invaded by Romans ,Saxons Vikings and

Normans armies and later Africans were brought to Britain by force in
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
as slaves or servants. Over the years,

thousands of people have arrived in Britain as refugees from France,
Ireland, Russia, and other countries,mescaping from persecution or famine in their
own countries.

There are British people whose parents first came to Britain in the 1950s and
1960s from the Caribbean, 
India, Pakistan, Hong Kong and other places. Their
homes are
mainly in the big English cities like London, Birmingham and Manchester.

About 8% of the population of Britain today are people from other cultures
and ethnicities. That is 4.6 million people.

According to a BBC Report in September 2005, immigration made up more than
half of Britain’s population growth from
1991 to 2001.

The Guardian newspaper reported in 2007 that the latest government

estimate for long-term net immigration to the UK is 145 000 a year.

New Cultures

People moving to Britain have brought their own cultures and

try to keep two cultures alive. An excellent example of this is the

Notting Hill Carnival
which is celebrates the Caribbean Culture
and is now a very big
part of the 
British life today